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Cooking Conversions

French Cooking Conversions are noted below, and can be used for all countries that use metrics for recipes. In French cooking or cooking in other countries, a description does not necessarily relate in the same manner as the U.S., and sometimes there is no translation for a word or phrase.  We welcome any suggestions from you, or if
you're looking for specific information please contact us, and we'll try to get it for you.
 

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 Find conversion tables for cooking temperatures, oven baking temperatures, U. S. to Metric conversions, and the helpful English to French culinary verbs, food names,cooking method phrases, measurements needed to prepare a recipe with metric measurements.  Try a French recipe using the measurements listed in this section
 
Jump Table   
  Cooking Metrics Conversions Cooking Terms Words-Phrases
  Oven Baking  Temperatures Metric to U.S. Conversions
  U.S. to Metric Conversions Temperatures
  Metric Abbreviations French special measures
     
 

Temperatures 
Degrees Fahrenheit Heat Level Degrees Celsius
32 freezes water at sea level 0.0
70 - 75 room temperature 21.11 - 23.89
85 - 100 lukewarm liquid 29.44 - 37.78
165 - 175 simmer 73.89 - 79.44
212 boils water at sea level 100
375 - 400 deep fat frying 190.56 - 204.44


Oven Baking Temperatures 
Degrees Fahrenheit Oven Temperature Degrees Celsius
250 - 300 very slow 121.11 - 148.89
300 - 325 slow 148.89 - 162.78
325 - 350 moderate 162.78 - 176.67
375 moderately hot 190.56
400 - 425 hot 204.44 - 218.33
450 + very hot 232.22 +


Metric Measure Equivalent Abbreviations
a Liter is the basic unit of measurement for measuring volumes in the metric system
that include centiliters, milileters,
Measure English   French   Equals    in Ounces Roughly  
          1 c/l  1 centiliter  1 centilitre   1/100 liter      .34 oz    
          1 m/l  1 milliliter  1 millilitre   1/1000 liter        .3 oz.   dry 1/5 t.
          1 di/l  1 déciliter  1 décilitre   1/10 liter      3.4 oz.  
        -/1 lt  1 liter  1 liter     1.06 qt.       34 oz.     4.2 c.

 
French Abbreviated Measures
Measure English   French   Equals    in Ounces Roughly
   1 c.s  1 tablespoon  1 cuiller à soupe      
   1 c.c.  1 teaspoon  1 cuiller à café      
 1 c.c. fin sel   fine salt   regular salt  + is more concentrated  
 1 c.c. gros sel   coarse salt   sea salt   - is less concentrated   by 12%
   
 
French Oven Temps 
    Très doux = 150°F   barely warm
    Doux = 200°F   warm
    Moyen = 300°F   medium
    Chaud = 375°F   hot
    Très chaud = 500°F   very hot

 
A Recipe calls for and French to English Meaning
       1 sm petit [small]
       1 md moyen [medium]
       1 lg gros [large]
       1 cn boite [can]
       1 pk paquet [package]
       1 dr goutte [drop]
       1 sl tranche [slice]
       1 ds pointe de couteau [dash]
 
 1 cuillère à soupe de zeste râpé = 1 t. zest of lemon, orange, lime, etc. | Cocotte minute = to cook in a pressure
 cooker  |  
Au crock-pot = to cook in a Crockpot  |  Marque = means a specific brand name  |  Lait concentré =
 something the French have, not found in U.S.  It is somewhat between milk and cream, is stored on the grocer's
 shelf until opened.

 
  Uniquely French Measures & Terms
  A recipe will call for 1 sachet de levure chimique
   
 1 sachet de = approximately a tad more than 2 teaspoons
 chimique = a chemical substance [baking powder, baking soda, etc.]
 levure [example] = baking powder
                              

                              For More Super Market Food Items


U.S. to Metric Conversions 
          U. S.         Metric
  3 teaspoons 1 tablespoon 1/2 ounce 14.3 grams
  2 tablespoons 1/8 cup 1 ounce 28.3 grams
  4 tablespoons 1/4 cup 2 ounces 56.7 grams
  5 1/3 tablespoons 1/3 cup 2.6 ounces 75.6 grams
  8 tablespoons 1/2 cup 4 ounces 113.4 grams
  12 tablespoons 3/4 cup 6 ounces 170 grams
  16 tablespoons 1 cup 8 ounces 226.8 grams
  32 tablespoons 2 cups 16 ounces 453.6 grams
  64 tablespoons 4 cups 32 ounces 907.2 grams
         
  1 oz.     30 milliliters
  16 oz 1 pint   475 milliliters
  32 oz 1 quart   950 milliliters
  128 oz 1 gallon 3.75 liters 3750 milliliters
         
  1/2 pound     252 grams
  1.1 pounds     500 grams
  2.2 pounds     1000 grams [1 kilo]
         
  8 quarts 1 peck   8.81 liters
  4 pecks 1 bushel   35.24 liters
         
  1 lb flour 4 cups    
  1 lb granulated sugar 2 cups    
  1/4 lb butter 1/2 cup 1 stick 113.4 grams
  1 lb butter 2 cups 4 sticks 453.6 grams
         
  8 oz can 1 cup   226.8 grams
  #1 can 1 1/4 cups    
  #303 can 2 cups   453.6 grams
         
  1 cup 1/2 pint 8 fluid ounces 237 ml
  2 cups 1 pint 16 fluid ounces 474 ml
  4 cups 1 quart 32 fluid ounces 948 ml
  2 pints 1 quart 32 fluid ounces 948 ml
  2 quarts 1/2 gallon 64 fluid ounces 1.896 liters
  4 quarts 1 gallon 128 fluid ounces 3.792 liters
         
  1 inch     0.0254 m
  1 foot     0.3048 m
  1 yard     0.9144 m
  1 mile     1.6 km


Metric to U.S. Conversions 
  Metric     U.S.
  1 millimètre 1/1000 mètre   0.039 in
  1 centimètre 1/100 mètre   0.393 in
  1 décimètre 1/10 mètre   3.937 ins
  1 mètre     1.0936 yds
  1 kilomètre 1000 mètre   .6 miles
         
  1 gram 1 cc pure water 1/16 lb 0.352 oz
  454 grams 454 cc pure water 1 lb 16 oz
         
  1 kilo 1 liter water sea level 2.2 lbs 35.2 oz
  1 liter   1.76 pints  
  1 déciliter     3.52 oz


Cooking Metrics & Conversions  
 
  • Liquid Volume
     

    • To Convert U.S. Gallons to Liters
                 Multiply by 3.8
       

    • To Convert Liters to U.S. Gallons
                 Multiply by .26
       

    • To Convert U.S. Gallons to Imperial Gallons
                 Multiply by .83
       

    • To Convert Imperial Gallons to U.S. Gallons
                 Multiply by 1.20
       

    • To Convert Imperial Gallons to Liters
                 Multiply by 4.55
       

    • To Convert Liters to Imperial Gallons
                 Multiply by .22

 
  • Distance
     

    • To Convert Inches to Centimeters
                  Multiply by 2.54
       

    • To Convert Centimeters to Inches
                  Multiply by .39
       

    • To Convert Feet to Meters
                  Multiply by .30
       

    • To Convert Meters to Feet
                  Multiply by  3.28
       

    • To Convert Yards to Meters
                  Multiply by .91
       

    • To Convert Meters to Yards
                  Multiply by 1.09
       

    • To Convert Miles to Kilometers
                  Multiply by 1.61
       

    • To Convert Kilometers to Miles
                  Multiply by .62

 
  • Weight
     

    • To Convert Ounces to Grams
                  Multiply Ounces by 28.35
       

    • To Convert Grams to Ounces
                  Multiply Grams by .035
       

    • To Convert Pounds to Kilograms
                 
      Multiply Pounds by .45
       

    • To Convert Kilograms to Pounds
                 
      Multiply Kilograms by 2.20
       

    • To Convert Grams to Pounds:

    1 pound = 454 grammes

               p  = 1/454 * g

     

    to convert 20 grams to pounds:

               p   = 1/454 * 20

               p   = 20/454

               p   = .0441

     

    to convert that to ounces:

     O  = .0441 * 16

         = .705 ounces

     

    to convert kilos to pounds:

              p  = k * 1000/1k * 1p/454

    to convert 2 kilos to pounds:

              p  = 2 * 1000/1 * 1/454

                  = 9.69 pounds    

 

                         French to English Dictionary of Cooking Terms 

 
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